Jesus' Teaching on His Second Coming

An Integration of Three Gospel Accounts

Introduction, around 30 A.D.

So as Jesus was going out, departing from the temple, some of His disciples were admiring the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and donations, and came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. [Mt. 24:1, Mk. 13:1; Lk. 21:5]

But Jesus said to them, "Do you not see all these things? Assuredly I say to you, the days will come upon Jerusalem when her enemies will build an embankment around her; indeed they will surround her and hem her in on every side. And they will raze her, and her children within her, to the ground; absolutely not a single stone here will be left upon another, that will not be thrown down, because she did not know the time of her visitation." [Mt. 24:2; Mk. 13:2; Lk. 19:43, 44; Lk. 21:6]

Inquiry regarding timing and signs

Now as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John and Andrew asked him privately, "Teacher, tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign whenever all these things are about to be fulfilled? And what will be the sign of Your coming and of the completion of the age?" [Mt. 24:3; Mk. 13:3, 4; Lk. 21:7]

The beginning of birth pains

Narcissistic New Age Christian false teachers

So in answer Jesus said to them, "Watch out, so that no one deceives you. Because many will come in my name, saying that I am the Christ, or saying:'I am' and 'The time is at hand', and they will deceive many. Therefore, do not go after them." [Mt. 24:4, 5; Mk. 13:5; Lk. 21:8; cf. 2 Th. 2.3]

Wars, rumors of wars and insurrections

"Whenever you hear of wars, rumors of wars and insurrections, don't let it distress you and do not be terrified; because these things must happen first, but the end is not yet and will not come right away." [Mt. 24:6; Mk. 13:7; Lk. 21:9]

Agents provocateurs and racial strife; famines; pestilences; severe earthquakes; noisy confusion and disorder; fearful events and great signs

"For ethnic group will be raised up against ethnic group and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and pestilences and severe earthquakes and tumults in various places; and there will be fearful events and great signs from heaven, but all these are only a beginning of birth pains." [Mt. 24:7, 8; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:10, 11]

Persecution, betrayal and martyrdom of Christians

"But before all these things, watch out for yourselves, because then they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to councils, flogging you in synagogues and prisons, bringing you before rulers and kings on account of My name. But it will turn out for you as an occasion for testimony. So whenever they lead you away and deliver you up, settle it in your hearts not to worry or premeditate or practice giving a defense beforehand; because I will give you a mouth and wisdom such that all your adversaries will not be able to contradict or withstand. Whatever is given to you in that hour, speak that, because it will not be you doing the speaking, but the Holy Spirit. You will be betrayed even by parents, children, relatives, friends and 'brothers'; and they will cause some of you to be put to death. And you will be hated by all ethnic groups because of my name. Not even one hair of your head will be wasted." [Mt. 24:9; Mk. 13:9,11-13a; Lk. 21:12-18]

Widespread betrayal and hatred

"And then many will be offended, and they will betray one another and will hate one another." [Mt. 24:10]

False prophets and deception

"And many false prophets will be raised up and they will deceive many." [Mt. 24:11; cf. 2 Th. 2:10-12]

Increase of lawlessness and pervasive loss of love

"And because of the increase of the lawlessness, the love of the majority will grow cold. [Mt. 24:12]


"So the one who perseveres to the end, his soul will be saved." [Mt. 24:13; Mk. 13:13b; Lk. 21:19]

Good news proclaimed to all ethnic groups

"And this good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed in the whole inhabited earth as a witness to all the ethnic groups, and then the end will come." [Mt. 24:14; Mk. 13:10; cf. Rom. 11:25, 26; Eph. 3:3-6; Rev. 10:7]

The final birth pains, i.e., the Great Tribulation

Watch Jerusalem

"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that her desolation is at hand. So then, when you see the 'abomination of desolation', the one spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place where it should not" (let the reader understand), "then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; let those who are in the city get out, and let those who are in the country not enter her. Anyone on the housetop should not go down to take things out of his house, and anyone in the field should not go back to get his cloak, because these are the days of vengeance, that all the written things may be fulfilled." [Daniel 11:31; Mt. 24:15-18; Mk. 13:14-16; Lk. 21:20-22]

The worst time in history

"But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! There will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people. Yes, they will fall by the edge of the sword and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. And pray that your flight may not happen in winter or on a Sabbath, because then there will be a great tribulation, such as has never been since the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and never again will be. And unless those days were cut short no flesh would be saved; but for the sake of the elect, whom He chose, those days will be cut short." [Mt. 24:19-22; Mk. 13:17-20; Lk. 21:23, 24]

False christs, false prophets and the invisible kingdom

"Then if anyone says to you, 'Look, the Messiah is here!' or 'Look, there!' don't believe him, because false christs and false prophets will be raised up, and they will give great signs and wonders so as to deceive, if possible, even the elect. So you watch out! See, I have told you everything in advance. The kingdom of God does not come with observation; nor will they say, 'Look, here!' or 'Look, there!', because the kingdom of God is within you. Days are coming when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it. So if they should say to you, 'Look, He is in the wilderness!' don't go out; 'Look, in the secret rooms!' don't believe it or go along or follow. Because just as the lightning that lights the whole sky when it flashes comes from east and shines to west, so also will be the coming of the Son of the Man in His day; for wherever the carcass may be, there will be a gathering of vultures. But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation." [Mt. 24:23-28; Mk. 13:21-23; Lk. 17:20b-25; cf. 2 Th. 2:9]

The dramatic visible appearance of King Jesus in the sky

"Immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will be falling from the heaven, and on the earth distress of ethnic groups, with perplexity, at the roaring and tossing of the sea, men fainting from fear and expectation of the things coming on the inhabited earth—because the powers of the heavens will be shaken. And then the sign of the Son of the Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn—they will see the Son of the Man coming on the clouds of the heaven with power and great glory." [Mt. 24:29, 30; Mk. 13:24-26; Lk. 21:25-27]

The last trump and the resurrection / rapture of the elect

"Now when these things begin to happen, straighten up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near. And He will send out His angels with a great sound of a trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from earth's extreme point to heaven's extreme point." [Mt. 24:31; Mk. 13:27; Lk. 21:28; cf. Job 19:25; Isa. 26:19; Dan. 12:2; Hos. 13:14; 1 Cor. 15:12-58; 1 Th. 4:13-5:11; 2 Th. 2:1-12; Rev. 10:7; 11:15-19]

More Comments on all these things

The imminence of the visible kingdom of God will be recognizable to righteous people.

"Now learn this parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender and it sprouts leaves, you see and know by yourselves that the summer is near. So you also, whenever you see all these things happening, know that the kingdom of God is near, at the doors! Assuredly I say to you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things happen. The heaven and the earth will pass away, but my words will certainly never pass away." [Mt. 24:32-35]

The arrival of God's visible kingdom on earth will be a horrible surprise to lawless people.

"But no one knows concerning that day and hour, not even the angels of the heavens, not the Son, but only my Father alone. But just as were the days of Noah, so also will be the coming of the Son of the Man. For just as they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, in the days before the flood until the day that Noah entered the ark, and were not aware until the flood came and destroyed them all, so also will be the coming of the Son of Man. Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they were eating, drinking, buying, selling, planting, building—but on the day Lot went out from Sodom, fire and brimstone rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. Even so will it be in the day when the Son of the Man is revealed." [Mt. 24:36-39; Lk. 17:26-30]

Lawless people will be taken away and destroyed.

Then Jesus dismissed the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples approached Him saying, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field". So He answered and said to them: "He who sows the good seed is the Son of the Man. The field is the world; as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom, while the tares are the sons of the malignant one. The enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels. Therefore just as the tares are gathered and burned with fire, so it will be at the end of this age. The Son of the Man will send out His angels, and they will collect out of His kingdom everything that is offensive, and those who perpetrate lawlessness; and they will throw them into the furnace of fire. There, there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear." [Mt. 13:36-43]

"In that day, he who is on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to get them; and likewise he who is in the field, let him not turn back. Remember Lot's wife! Whoever seeks to save his life will lose it, and whoever 'wastes' it will preserve it. I tell you: on that night there will be two men in one bed; one will be taken and the other left. Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other will be left. Two women will be grinding together at the mill; one will be taken and the other will be left." They reacted by saying to Him, "Where, Lord?" He said to them, "Where there is a carcass, there will the vultures also be gathered." [Mt. 24:40, 41; Lk. 17:31-37]

Proper mindset

Always pray and don't lose heart.

And then He told them a parable, the point being that one needs to always pray and not lose heart, saying: "There was a judge in a certain town who did not fear God nor regard man. But there was a widow in that town, and she kept coming to him, saying, 'Get justice for me from my adversary'. And for a while he refused; but afterward he said to himself, 'Even though I don't fear God nor regard man, yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will defend her, so that her endless coming doesn't wear me out!'" Then the Lord said: "Hear what the unjust judge said. And will not God get justice for His elect who are crying out to Him day and night, indeed being patient with them? I tell you that He will get justice for them quickly. However, when the Son of the Man comes, will He actually find the faith on the earth?" [Lk. 18:1-8]

Watch and pray to be counted worthy to escape / flee away and to face Jesus.

"But keep a watch on yourselves, lest your hearts be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness, and cares of life, and that Day come upon you suddenly, because you do not know in what hour your Lord is coming and because it will come like a trap upon all those who dwell on the surface of the whole earth. So be watchful all the time, praying that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that are about to happen and to stand before the Son of the Man. But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what watch the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and not allowed his house to be broken into. Therefore you also be ready, because the Son of the Man is coming at an hour that you do not suppose." [Mt. 24:42-44; Lk. 21:34-36; cf. Isa. 2:12; Joel 1:15, 2:1,11,31, 3:14; Acts 2:20; 1 Th. 5:2,4; 2 Pt. 3:10,12; Rev. 3:3, 6:17, 16:15]

Minister to the saints; don't join with pagans in attacking God's servants.

"Who then is the faithful and prudent servant whom his lord placed over his corps of servants to give them food on schedule? Blessed be that servant whom his master, when he comes, will find doing so. Assuredly I say to you that he will place him over all his possessions. But if that bad servant should say in his heart, 'My lord is delaying his return', and should begin to beat his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the drunkards, the lord of that servant will come on a day when he is not looking for him and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in two and appoint his portion with the hypocrites. There there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth." [Mt. 24:45-51]

Be prudent and be a prepper.

"Then the kingdom of the heavens will be like ten virgins who, taking their lamps, went out to meet the bridegroom. Now five of them were prudent and five foolish. Those who were foolish, taking their lamps, did not take [extra] oil with them, but the prudent ones took oil in their vessels along with their lamps. Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all dozed and slept, but at midnight there was a shout: 'Attention! The bridegroom is coming; go out to meet him.' Then all those virgins got up and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish ones said to the prudent, 'Give us some of your oil, because our lamps are going out'. But the prudent ones answered saying, 'No, in case there not be enough for you and us; instead, go to those who sell and buy for yourselves'. But while they went to buy, the bridegroom arrived, and the ones who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast—and the door was shut! Later the other virgins arrived too saying, 'Lord, lord, open for us!' But in answer he said, 'Assuredly I say to you, I do not know you'. Therefore, keep alert, because you do not know the day nor the hour in which the Son of the Man is coming." [Mt. 25:1-13]

Invest time, talents and resources well.

"Because the kingdom is also like a man about to go on a long journey, who called his own servants and entrusted his possessions to them. To one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, to each according to his own ability; and immediately he went on the journey. So the one who received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents. So also the one who received the two gained another two as well. But he who received the one went off and dug in the ground and hid his lord's silver." [Mt. 25:14-18]

Look forward to payday.

"Then, after a long time, the lord of those servants comes and settles accounts with them. So the one who had received the five talents approached and brought five more talents saying, 'Lord, you entrusted five talents to me; see, I gained five more talents besides them!' His lord said to him: 'Super, you good and faithful servant! You were faithful over a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.' So the one who had received the two talents also approached and said, 'Lord, you entrusted two talents to me; see, I gained two more talents besides them!' His lord said to him: 'Super, you good and faithful servant! You were faithful over a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'" [Mt. 25:19-23]

Avoid dismissal without any benefits.

"Then he who had received the one talent also approached and said: 'Lord, I knew that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering where you did not scatter. And being afraid I went off and hid your talent in the ground; here, take what is yours.' So in answer his lord said to him: 'You wicked and lazy servant! You knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather where I did not scatter. Therefore you were obligated to deposit my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have received what is mine with interest. Therefore, take the talent away from him and give it to the one having the ten talents. For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have abundance; but the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. And throw out the useless servant, into the darkness farthest out!' There there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth." [Mt. 25:24-30]

The final judgment

Characteristics of the saints

"When the Son of the Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on His throne of glory. And all the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. And the sheep He will place on His right, but the goats on His left. Then the King will say to those on His right: 'Come, you blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom that was prepared for you at the foundation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me food; I was thirsty and you gave me drink; I was a stranger and you took me in; I was naked and you clothed me; I was sick and you visited me; I was in prison and you came to me.' Then the righteous will answer Him saying: 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? When did we see you a stranger and take you in, or naked and clothe you? Or when did we see you sick or in prison and come to you?' And in answer the King will say to them, 'Assuredly I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.'" [Mt. 25:31-40]

Characteristics of the lost

"Then He will also say to those on His left: 'Go away from me, you accursed ones, into the eternal fire that was prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you did not give me food; I was thirsty and you did not give me drink; I was a stranger and you did not take me in; I was naked and you did not clothe me; I was sick and in prison and you did not visit me.' Then they also will answer saying, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and did not minister to you?' Then He will answer them saying, 'Assuredly I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these,6 neither did you do it to me'. And they will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life." [Mt. 25:41-46]